Name and email address
Each commit you make has your name and email address attached to it. Git will automatically configure these based on your username and hostname, but this information is usually not a good identifier. It is a good idea to set your real name and email address so that your commits can be identified easily.
git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email firstname.lastname@example.org
Global ignore file
Often there are files or directories that you want to ignore in all your Git projects. These are probably created automatically by your IDE, or ‘junk’ files created by the operating system. Here’s a sample global ignore file (I use PhpStorm, which creates an
.idea directory in the root of each project):
Thumbs.db .DS_Store .idea
Save the file somewhere, and run
git config --global core.excludesfile /path/to/.gitignore_global
Enable coloured output
git config --global color.ui true
Prevent line ending issues
On Linux and Mac
git config --global core.autocrlf input
git config --global core.autocrlf true
See http://help.github.com/line-endings/ for more information.
Add SVN-like shortcuts
git config --global alias.st status git config --global alias.ci commit git config --global alias.co checkout git config --global alias.br branch
git config --global core.compression 9
If you find that Git is taking too long to compress objects, you can play around with this value. A value of 0 tells Git to use no compression. Values 1-9 are various speed/size tradeoffs where 1 is the fastest and 9 provides the best compression. A value of -1 lets zlib decide which compression level to use.